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Heat records worldwide and in Germany

  • The highest temperature ever measured from 56.7 degrees Celsius was recorded in 1913 and 2021 in Death Valley was measured. The second highest temperature ever measured is 55.0 degrees Celsius. This was recorded in 1931 in Kebili in Tunisia Tunisia.
  • In the Iranian Dasht-e Lut desert record temperatures of 70.7 degrees Celsius were measured on the ground – but by a satellite.
  • On July 8, 2003, the perceived temperature at Saudi Arabian city of Dhahran rose to 78 degrees Celsius.
  • On July 25, 2019, the towns of Duisburg-Baerl and Tönisvorst in North Rhine-Westphalia were recorded with 41.2 degrees Celsius the hottest place in Germany.
  • In 2018 it was in Frankfurt’s West End averaged 12.9 degrees Celsius warm – a German record.


The hottest places in the world

The Dallol region in Ethiopia is one of the hottest places in the world, with temperatures of over 50 degrees. The salt desert is home to bizarre landscape formations that can only be found there. The temperature is only topped by the “Valley of Death”.

The hottest inhabited place in the world: Dallol

  • The hottest inhabited place in the world is Dallol in the Danakil salt desert in the northeast of Ethiopia. The average temperature there is 34.7 degrees Celsius – which is higher than any other place in the world.
  • The maximum temperatures in Dallol are around 50 degrees Celsius. Over a longer period of time it has also been 43 degrees Celsius, day and night. It almost never gets colder than 24 degrees Celsius.. Dallol is also one of the driest places on earth – Rain is scarce here.
  • The Danakil salt desert was created by floods floods thousands of years ago. The Red Sea flooded the interior. With the time the sea water evaporated and seeped away.only the salt remained on the ground.
  • In the desert lives the Afar people. The nomads also work there: they pound salt plates to sell them as table salt.
  • By the way, the coldest inhabited place in the world is Oimjakon in Yakutia. Minus 71.2 degrees Celsius have already been measured there.

This is what a visit to the desert feels like


This is what a visit to the desert feels like

The SaharaNo water, lots of poisonous animals and temperatures of up to 60 degrees. How does it feel to trudge through the endless dunes?

What happens when your body is exposed to great heat

When you sweat, a film of water film of water on your skin. Contact with the air creates evaporative coolingwhich draws heat from the body. In addition, the blood vessels dilate and blood pressure drops. Through high temperatures, overexertion and/or lack of fluids this endogenous cooling system can be overtaxed. Headaches, nausea or dizziness then occur. In the worst case, this can lead to life-threatening heat stroke. First aidAffected persons must into the cool and drink a lot. At unconsciousness and also, if the symptoms worsen, you should call an call an emergency doctor. Elderly people in particular die from the effects of heat. But infants also belong to the risk group. About 7,000 deaths according to the Federal Environment Agency during the summer of the century 2003 were related to the record temperatures at the time.

How your body reacts to heat

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Death in the sauna world championship: When a body boils away

A visit to the sauna is not actually life-threatening. However, when Russian Vladimir Ladyschenski took part in the Sauna World Championships in Finland in 2010 and spent about for about six minutes at over 110 degrees Celsius temperature, the result was fatal. His skin came off in shreds. With a bloated face and swollen lips, the referees carried him outside. His body was overcooked. That’s because when the body temperature rises above 42.3 degrees Celsius, the proteins in your body to coagulate like a hard-boiled egg. Above 44 degrees Celsis, your chance of survival is zero.

What helps against heat?

  • Light foodMelons, cucumbers and tomatoes are perfect because they contain a lot of water and minerals. You should avoid coffee, alcohol and hearty food.
  • A sun hat protects you from sunstroke – especially if you have short hair or a bald head.
  • In the (hot) midday period between 12 and 15 o’clock, the southerners do it right: Siesta instead of slaving away. You should also stay indoors or in the shade.
  • Take lukewarm showers often – and do not dry yourself.
  • Air your apartment in the morning. The air is then not yet so heated by the sun.
  • Sleeping on a hot night is sometimes difficult. This is what you can do: A a wet bed sheet or a wet towel in the open window.

How animals survive in the hottest places

  • Conditions in the desert are hostile: while humans might not be able to stay there, animals sometimes brave temperatures of up to 70 degrees. How do animals manage to survive in the hottest places on earth?

Climate change: drought is becoming a major problem

It may sound absurd, but in a few decades, “Nice weather today!” may mean rain again. If the earth becomes by three degrees warmer by 2100 by 2100, there could be Drought periods could last two to three months. On the Mediterranean, there could be areas where there is hardly any precipitation for ten years. This was calculated by the Helmholtz Center for Environmental Research. More than one-third of the earth’s surface is already arid regions70 percent of which are in the process of becoming deserts. Or to put it another way: Every year the earth loses – due to desertification – around 12 million hectares of fertile soil. That’s roughly equivalent to Germany’s entire arable land.

How well do you know about UV protection? Test yourself in the quiz!

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Published: 26.08.2022 / Author: Galileo

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