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Bed and raised bed Raspberries are one of the most popular fruits and taste great as jam, in cakes or just plain. Read how to plant and care for raspberries properly here.

Planting and caring for raspberries – read here what you need to consider.© vaitekune – Raspberries are quite easy to care for, however, there are some points you should consider before planting raspberries. By choosing the right raspberry variety, making sure you have a suitable location, and preparing the soil before you plant raspberries, you will optimize your chances of a bountiful harvest. Contents

  • The right location
  • Planting raspberries
  • Planting raspberries on the balcony
  • Pruning raspberries
  • Care tips

When it comes to raspberry varieties, there is the major distinction between summer raspberries, which bear as early as July but require a bit more care, and fall raspberries, which don’t bear until late summer to early fall but are easier to care for. Newer cultivars have also produced raspberries that bear twice in the summer. Even if you want to plant raspberries on the balcony, be sure to select a suitable variety.

The right location for raspberries

Raspberries are very easy to care for, but prefer a warm, sunny location. However, raspberries are sensitive to waterlogging and raspberries also do not tolerate soil that is too heavy – loosen the soil with some sand if necessary. Keep in mind that berries are heavy growers. Therefore, it is best to plant the raspberries in a location where no berries were planted shortly before. The soil may otherwise be too depleted. Provide a climbing support for the raspberries.© FoxglovesAndStocking –

Plant raspberries

  1. Loosen the root ball of the raspberry plant a bit before planting it.
  2. Plant raspberries 30 inches apart between each plant. The planting hole should be about twice the size of the root ball.
  3. Press the soil around the plant and water it thoroughly.

The best time to plant raspberries is late September to mid-October. This will give the raspberries enough time to grow before the frosts come, and they can sprout right on the spot in the spring. Cut the canes back by up to 30 inches after you plant the raspberries – this will ensure stronger shoots next year. Alternatively, you can plant raspberries in the spring. Summer raspberries in particular form long tendrils, for which you should provide a climbing support before planting raspberries. Before planting raspberries, you should also provide root barriers to the selected bed if you are not planting the raspberries in a pot. Raspberries form root runners and can easily take over the entire garden.

Planting raspberries on the balcony

Since raspberries need a lot of space, you need to consider a few things if you want to plant raspberries on the balcony.

  • Choose a sunny, warm and wind-protected location for your raspberry. South-facing balconies are especially ideal.
  • Plant the raspberry in a large pot: this should have a capacity of at least 25 liters. It is also important that water can easily drain away so that waterlogging does not form.
  • Raspberries in a pot also need a climbing support so that the canes do not kink.
  • Check the moisture of the soil daily, especially in summer. In the pot, the substrate dries out faster, which damages the raspberries.
  • Overwinter the raspberries in the pot in a shady, sheltered place. Wrap the plant pot in a winter fleece to prevent the roots from freezing.

Cut back the raspberries in the fall.© Наталья Дорожкина –

Pruning raspberries

Care of raspberries includes pruning.

  • Autumn raspberries you simply cut back completely after harvesting.
  • For summer raspberries, leave the strongest new shoots at a distance of ten centimeters, and all other new shoots are cut back.
  • Also, for summer raspberries, cut off the fruit-bearing, woody shoots just above the ground after harvest.

Book tip: You can also find child-friendly gardening tips and exciting DIY ideas in “Abenteuer Gemüsegarten”. Read it now!

Propagating raspberries

To propagate raspberries, prick off some of the current year’s canes with a sharp spade in the fall and plant them in a suitable spot. By cutting off the stolons, raspberries are particularly easy to propagate. Another way to propagate raspberries goes like this:

  1. Push a young cane to the ground.
  2. Carefully weigh down a spot and heap soil on it.
  3. Water the spot regularly.
  4. After a short time, the soil-covered spot will develop its own roots and a new raspberry plant.

You can easily propagate raspberries © Kazakova Maryia –

Care tips for raspberries

While raspberries are very low maintenance, you can use a few tricks to make the plants thrive better.

  • As shallow-rooted plants, raspberries are equally sensitive to drought and waterlogging. A layer of mulch will keep the soil from drying out and also prevent weeds.
  • Fertilize the raspberries with compost or horn shavings in early March. If you use mineral fertilizer, wait until late March or early April. A second fertilization in summer is recommended; fertilize summer raspberries a second time in any case only after harvest.

Important: Be careful not to damage the roots of the raspberries and apply the fertilizer with appropriate care.

  • Diseases and pests do not stop at raspberries. In addition to fungal diseases, raspberries are particularly often affected by raspberry mosaic virus. Already at the time of purchase, look for healthy plants. The right location and regular care can also help keep raspberries healthy.

Planting raspberries is not difficult at all. With the right location and care, raspberries thrive equally well in pots and in the garden. Berries not only taste delicious, but are full of healthy ingredients. Here you can learn how to create a snack corner in your garden with raspberries, blueberries, gooseberries & Co. and what you should pay attention to when caring for them. You will learn in this article:

  1. The best time to plant berry bushes.
  2. The optimal location
  3. The right soil
  4. How to keep the bushes fit
  5. The right pruning

The best time for planting berry bushes

The best time for planting is in Autumn. Then the berry bushes can take root before winter and have a head start on the development of woody plants planted in the spring. These dates apply mainly to bare-root plants, i.e. shrubs without a root ball. In order for them to grow well, they must be before planting shortened before planting. Shrubs in pots or containers can be planted year-round as long as the ground is not frozen. They do not need planting pruning. Disadvantage: container-grown is more expensive than bare-root.

The optimal location

All berry bushes have in common a preference for sunny, wind-protected places. The sunnier the location, the greater the vitamin content of the fruit and the more intense the aroma. The soil should be loose and well supplied with compost. compost. On heavy, clayey soils they soon go senile. Add a good portion of compost to the planting hole and keep your distance. If berries are too close together, gray mold often occurs, especially in rainy summers. Also, keep the bushes well spaced out so that blossoms and fruit can dry quickly after rain showers. Create a berry patch: Which berry bushes go well together? So why not plant all the berries in your own garden? Here you can learn which berries are suitable bed partners: Which berry bushes go together? ”

The right soil

  • Blueberries, also called blueberries, have a preference for acidic soil. Therefore, place them in rhododendron soil. Also Currants prefer a slightly acidic soil.
  • Blackberries and raspberries are particularly undemanding. They are grown on trellises. Meanwhile, there are thornless varieties that are unproblematic even for delicate children’s hands.
There are new gooseberry varieties without prickles, such as the “Captivator” variety. Photo: Pixabay/Petra Faltermaier

  • Gooseberries feel most at home in nutrient-rich, sufficiently moist and calcareous soil. Tip: By the way, currants and gooseberries are also available in the form of stems, which grow magnificently in the tub, and even in the flower bed do not take up space from anyone.
  • Strawberries need a lot of sun, while the Wild strawberry likes to thrive in light shade under and in front of loosely standing woody plants, where it quickly forms dense carpets – an excellent ground cover.

How to keep your shrubs fit

If you want to do something good for your berry bushes, spread a mulch layer of dried lawn clippings, short straw or rotted manure, about 10 to 15 centimeters high, around the plants. Advantage: weed growth is contained, and the soil remains fine-textured and evenly moist. Since most berry bushes are shallow-rooted, you should refrain from rakingto avoid damaging the roots. Proper storage and preservation of berries What is important when harvesting? How can berries be processed? Which berries should be used immediately, and which can be stored in the refrigerator for a few days? Tips for preserving berries ”

The right pruning

Berry bushes must be thinned out regularly so that the fruits continue to get enough light and air. Otherwise, a dense tangle of branches will develop, resulting in lower yields from year to year. As a rule of thumb, berry bushes should be berry bushes should always be pruned directly after after the harvest. However, you can wait until the bushes have shed their foliage to get a better view. If possible, prune on a dry and warm day so that the cut wounds can heal well. Pruning berry bushes – this is how it’s done. For a bountiful harvest next year, it’s already time to cut back shrubs in the fall. Here you can find out how to prune berry bushes correctly ”

  • Red and white currants should be thinned out regularly from the fourth year of growth. To do this, cut off the two to three oldest main shoots near the ground each year after harvest.
  • Raspberries (which bear fruit in the fall) fruit on one-year-old wood. Pruning care is very simple: just cut all the canes directly at ground level after harvest.
  • Summer raspberries and Blackberries form fruit only on two-year-old wood. Therefore, sort the old canes from the previous year separately from the new canes by tying them separately. You can keep track of them by simply cutting off the old canes at ground level immediately after harvest.
  • At Gooseberries it’s a bit more complicated: the ideal gooseberry bush bears eight to twelve shoots, of which three should be four strong new shoots. To do this, leave three to four of the strongest new shoots each year, all other new shoots are cut off close to the ground. Once the “ideal condition” is established, it must be maintained by cutting off the two to three oldest main shoots near the ground each year and “replacing” them with new shoots.
  • Blueberries: Small forest blueberry varieties should not be pruned at all. For the larger cultivated blueberries, old woody shoots should be thinned out regularly.
  • Strawberries are perennials. The withered leaves should be cut off in the fall.

Tip: Fruit trees in your own garden Apple, pear, plum, cherry or nut tree? With our tips, you can find the right fruit tree for your garden. We explain what you should look for when choosing and present a comparison of the most important fruit trees. “Which fruit tree is the right one for my garden? Raspberries are a real delicacy and have found a permanent place in many gardens. With these 10 tips, nothing stands in the way of a good harvest. Raspberries belong in every snacking garden. Unfortunately, this treat is not only extremely popular with us – diseases and pests also do not stop at the sweet fruit. If you are not careful, your own harvest can turn out very meager. To make sure this doesn’t happen to you, we’ve put together 10 tips for raspberries in the garden.

1. advantages of autumn raspberries

There are two groups of varieties: summer and fall raspberries. Summer varieties like ‘Meeker’ (photo above) produce larger fruit, but they are also often infested with raspberry beetle grubs and often suffer from cane diseases. These problems are virtually non-existent in fall varieties. They flower and fruit too late for the raspberry beetle and cane diseases do not occur because the shoots are cut off after one year. Another advantage is that the plants do not need a climbing frame. Raspberries are susceptible to root rot. You can prevent this by planting ridges: loosen the subsoil and pour a 30-centimeter-high and 60-centimeter-wide ridge of humus-rich soil. If necessary, enrich your garden soil with plenty of leaf and bark compost. Place three raspberries per running meter in the middle of the dam and cover it with bark mulch at the end. By the way, planting time is almost all year round for potted young plants.

3. the ideal place for raspberries

Just because the bushes are at home in the forest, you should not conclude that raspberries can cope with little light. In fact, the plants grow only in clearings or sunny forest edges. In the garden they need a sunny location, so that they bloom intensively, the berries ripen well and develop their typical aroma. In shadier locations, the pollination rate of the flowers is also much lower and one has higher failures due to raspberry beetle maggots in summer varieties.

4. climbing aids for summer raspberries.

In this video we will show you how to build a raspberry trellis quite easily yourself. Credit: MSG/Alexander Buggisch / Producer Karina Nennstiel & Dieke van Dieken It is difficult to keep track of summer raspberries without climbing help. Right at planting time, set up a climbing framework of wooden stakes and three to four horizontal tension wires, to which you attach the young raspberry canes continuously. Special metal or plastic clamps or thin cable ties that are loosely placed around the raspberry cane and tension wire and pulled tight have proven effective for this purpose.

5. fertilize raspberries organically and well dosed

If you want to fertilize your raspberries, you should do so rather sparingly: a small handful of organic berry fertilizer in the spring is perfectly sufficient to ensure a good harvest in the summer or fall. Organic fertilizers are the best choice because they release their nutrients slowly over a longer period of time, while also enriching the soil with humus – just as the raspberries need. Raspberries should be given fertilizer once a year – especially when the plants are still young. Which fertilizer is best suited and how to fertilize raspberries properly is shown by editor Dieke van Dieken in this practical video Credits: MSG/CreativeUnit/CameraCut: Fabian Heckle Once-bearing varieties, also called summer raspberries, form flowers and fruit exclusively on the side shoots of the two-year-old canes. Cut off all harvested shoots at ground level in summer (see drawing), but leave the new one-year-old canes for now. In the fall, the bed is then thinned again so that in the end only ten to twelve medium-strong canes remain per running meter. These will produce the fruit next season. Summer raspberries are cut back from the end of July after the last harvest by removing the old fruiting canes and thinning out the young canes. Editor Dieke van Dieken shows you exactly how to do this in the video Credits: MSG/CreativeUnit/Camera+Editing: Fabian Heckle

7. cutting autumn varieties

Autumn raspberries are usually cultivated to bear fruit only on the new canes that have only sprouted from the ground in spring. Pruning is very simple – just cut all the canes at ground level in the fall. The ideal time to do this is when all the canes have been harvested and most of the foliage has come off. Next year, simply allow the new canes to grow and then cut the raspberries completely after harvest. As woodland plants, raspberries are used to a ground cover of foliage. In the garden, they also have no objection to lawn clippings as mulch – on the contrary, the mulch layer insulates against temperature fluctuations and keeps moisture in the soil. In addition, the rotting grass clippings enrich the soil with humus and nutrients.

9. harvest raspberries at the right time

In mid to late June, the first summer raspberries are ripe, harvest time for autumn varieties begins from mid-August. You need to pick through the bushes more often, because the berries ripen gradually. The optimal time for harvesting is when the fruit is still firm, but already well colored and easily detaches from the cone. Botanists refer to raspberries as aggregate fruits because they are composed of many spherical fruitlets, each containing a small hard seed. Tip: Raspberries freeze well in a freezer. Unfortunately, unprocessed they do not keep very long. Breeding of fall raspberries has made great strides in recent years, with varieties getting closer and closer to the fruit size and flavor of their summer relatives. Currently considered one of the best fall raspberries is the new variety ‘Aroma Queen’ (photo). It ripens from mid-August into November and yields up to 800 grams of fruit per bush. Advertisement

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